파이썬으로 마우스와 키보드를 컨트롤 해보자 Python



PyAutoGUI

URL : https://github.com/asweigart/pyautogui

마우스와 키보드를 컨트롤 할수 있는 라이브러리이다.

Windows has no dependencies. The Win32 extensions do not need to be installed.

OS X needs the pyobjc-core and pyobjc module installed (in that order).

Linux needs the python3-Xlib (or python-Xlib for Python 2) module installed.

PyAutoGUI is a cross-platform GUI automation Python module for human beings. Used to programmatically control the mouse & keyboard.

Full documentation available at https://pyautogui.readthedocs.org

Source code available at https://github.com/asweigart/pyautogui

  Dependencies

If you are installing PyAutoGUI from PyPI using pip:

Windows has no dependencies. The Win32 extensions do not need to be installed.

OS X needs the pyobjc-core and pyobjc module installed (in that order).

Linux needs the python3-Xlib (or python-Xlib for Python 2) module installed.

Pillow needs to be installed, and on Linux you may need to install additional libraries to make sure Pillow's PNG/JPEG works correctly. See:

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/7648200/pip-install-pil-e-tickets-1-no-jpeg-png-supporthttp://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1751455

If you want to do development and contribute to PyAutoGUI, you will need to install these modules from PyPI:

  • pyscreeze
  • pymsgbox
  • pytweening

  Example Usage

   Keyboard and Mouse Control

    >>> import pyautogui    >>> screenWidth, screenHeight = pyautogui.size()    >>> currentMouseX, currentMouseY = pyautogui.position()    >>> pyautogui.moveTo(100, 150)    >>> pyautogui.click()    >>> pyautogui.moveRel(None, 10)  # move mouse 10 pixels down    >>> pyautogui.doubleClick()    >>> pyautogui.moveTo(500, 500, duration=2, tween=pyautogui.tweens.easeInOutQuad)  # use tweening/easing function to move mouse over 2 seconds.    >>> pyautogui.typewrite('Hello world!', interval=0.25)  # type with quarter-second pause in between each key    >>> pyautogui.press('esc')    >>> pyautogui.keyDown('shift')    >>> pyautogui.typewrite(['left', 'left', 'left', 'left', 'left', 'left'])    >>> pyautogui.keyUp('shift')    >>> pyautogui.hotkey('ctrl', 'c')

   Display Message Boxes

    >>> import pyautogui    >>> pyautogui.alert('This is an alert box.')    'OK'    >>> pyautogui.confirm('Shall I proceed?')    'Cancel'    >>> pyautogui.confirm('Enter option.', buttons=['A', 'B', 'C'])    'B'    >>> pyautogui.prompt('What is your name?')    'Al'    >>> pyautogui.password('Enter password (text will be hidden)')    'swordfish'

   Screenshot Functions

(PyAutoGUI uses Pillow for image-related features.)

    >>> import pyautogui    >>> im1 = pyautogui.screenshot()    >>> im1.save('my_screenshot.png')    >>> im2 = pyautogui.screenshot('my_screenshot2.png')

You can also locate where an image is on the screen:

    >>> import pyautogui    >>> button7location = pyautogui.locateOnScreen('button.png') # returns (left, top, width, height) of matching region    >>> button7location    (1416, 562, 50, 41)    >>> buttonx, buttony = pyautogui.center(button7location)    >>> buttonx, buttony    (1441, 582)    >>> pyautogui.click(buttonx, buttony)  # clicks the center of where the button was found

The locateCenterOnScreen() function returns the center of this match region:

    >>> import pyautogui    >>> buttonx, buttony = pyautogui.locateCenterOnScreen('button.png') # returns (x, y) of matching region    >>> buttonx, buttony    (1441, 582)    >>> pyautogui.click(buttonx, buttony)  # clicks the center of where the button was found

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